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Terpenes

What are Terpenes?

Terpenes are botanical compounds responsible for the unique flavor and aromatic profiles of all plants, such as rosemary, pine, lavender, fresh orange peel.

Many people commonly associate them with cannabis, because cannabis plants contain high concentrations of them. The fragrance of most plants are due to a combination of terpenes. In nature, terpenes play a vital role in protecting the plants from animal grazers, insects, or infectious germs and fungus. 

Terpenes are the natural form in a live plant. They evaporate easily and are readily available to our nose. As a plant dries and cures, the terpenes oxidize and become terpenoids. Manufacturers use isolated terpenes to create the flavors and scents of many everyday products.

An estimated 200 terpenes have been found in cannabis. Only a few of these odiferous oily substances appear in amounts substantial enough for our sniffers (nose) to be noteworthy. Scientists have only studied a handful.

It turns out Terpenes are also healthy for people too. Because terpenes produce vibrant smells, inhaling the scents from some plants and essential oils may affect a person's mood and stress levels. In the body, some have anti-inflammatory properties, while others may be anticancer, anti-anxiety, antidepressant, or neuroprotective among others.

 

Together with with cannabinoids, terpenes play a leading role in defining the distinct therapeutic properties displayed in each strain. 
Terpenes

B-myrcene

Is a powerful antioxidant. Commonly found in plants such as hops, lemongrass, and thyme. Mice studies have shown that myrcene could help protect the brain from oxidative damage following a stroke, and a similar protective effect in heart tissue after an ischemic stroke. Myrcene appears to have an anti-inflammatory effects and may prevent the breakdown of some cartilage cells, which could be useful against osteoarthritis.

B-caryophyllene

Found in many herbs and vegetables, such as cloves and black pepper. Similar to other terpenes, it could have an anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect that may be useful in reducing chronic pain levels in some people.

a-humulene

Found in hops, clove, and ginger. Studied for its prospects as an anti-infammatory agent with a capacity to reduce with allergic reactions and asthma. In animal studies, humulene reduced allergic inflammation in airways.

D-limonene

Gives fruits such as lemons and oranges their citrus smell. Limonene appears to modulate the way certain immune cells behave, which may help with a range of disorders. Studies indicate limonene may have several therapeutic properties: anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiviral, antidiabetic, and anticancer.

cis-B-ochimene

Pinene

There are two forms of pinene: a-pinene and b-pinene. Pinene provides the fresh, pine scent in pine needles, rosemary, and basil, which may have preventive and restorative effects on a person's psyche and physiology. Pinene acts as a bronchodilator, allowing more air into the lungs. It also has an anti-inflammatory effect when inhaled.

Linalool

Most abundantly found in the lavender plant. Linalool is responsible for the calming effect many people get from smelling lavender or its essential oil.

B-pinene
guaiol
a-bisabolol
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